Food Security MCQ
Food security, as defined by the United Nations’ Committee on World Food Security, means that all people, at all times, have physical, social, and economic access to sufficient, safe, and nutritious food that meets their food preferences and dietary needs for an active and healthy life.
1. Which one of the following is not a gaseous biogeochemical cycle in an ecosystem?
a) Carbon cycle
b) Phosphorous cycle
c) Sulfur cycle
d) Nitrogen cycle
Explanation: Phosphorous cycle is not a gaseous biogeochemical cycle in an ecosystem. It is also a biogeochemical cycles but here atmosphere does not play a significant role in the movement of the phosphorous cycle.
2. Transfer of energy from source of plants through a series of organism is known as ________________
a) Food web
b) Energy cycle
c) Food chain
d) Biological system
Explanation: Food chain is a pathway that represents the exchange of energy from one organism to another. Energy is transmitted all the way from Sun to the other organisms by passing from producers to the consumers.
3. The type of ecosystem with the highest mean plant productivity is _______________
b) Temperate grassland
d) Tropical rain forest
Explanation: A Tropical rain forest has more kinds of trees than any other area in the world. Seventy percent of the plants in the rainforest are trees. There are many distinct layers of trees. These layers have been identified as the emergent upper, canopy, understory and forest floor.
4. When did the word food security came into exist?
Clarification: At 1974 ‘World Food Conference’ held at Rome the term food security came into existence. It was defined with an emphasis a supply. Food security is defined as an availability at the times of adequate world food supplies of basic food stuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food.
5. Coping Strategies Index is related to_______________
a) Financial statement
b) Food security measurement
c) Banking sector
Clarification: Coping Strategies Index(CSI) assesses household behavior based on a set of varied established behaviors on how households cope with food shortages. CSI was developed in Uganda, Ghana and Kenya but has now been used for early warning and food security monitoring and assessment.
6. MSP stands for_________________
a) Maximum support price
b) Minimum support price
c) Marginal support price
d) Main support price
Clarification: Minimum support price is the price at which government purchase crops from the farmers, whatever may be the price for the crops. MSP helps to incentivize the farmers and thus ensures adequate food grains production in the country.
7. Annapurna scheme provide food requirements of____________
c) Senior citizens
Clarification: Annapurna scheme aims at providing food security to meet the requirement for senior citizens. The Annapurna scheme has been launched with effect from 1st of April in the year 2000 to provide food to senior citizens.
8. The official document entitling the holder to a ration of food issued by the government of India is known as____________
a) Ration card
b) Food card
c) Health card
d) Insurance card
Clarification: Ration card is primarily used when purchasing subsidized food stuffs. This ration card has been used since second world war. India is public distribution system is based on the ration card. This ration card is used to establish identity, eligibility and entitlement.
9. The color of Antyodaya Anna Yojana scheme card is______________
Clarification: Antyodaya Anna Yojana is a government of India sponsored scheme to provide highly subsidized food to millions of the poorest families. Antyodaya ration card also called by the name PDS yellow card because of it’s yellow color.
10. In which state ration shops are run by co-operatives in large extend?
c) Tamil Nadu
Clarification: Out of all fair price shops running in Tam il Nadu, around 94% are being run by the co-operatives. The co-operatives are playing an important role in food security in India especially in the southern and western parts of the country.
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