GK Quiz on Parliament and Parliamentary Committees
Dear Students, Gk By Mr. Dj is presenting you a set of 10 MCQs based Parliament Parliamentary Committees. When we solve the MCQs topic wise it help students in understanding the topic very deeply. So go through this quiz and evaluate yourself.
GK Quiz on Parliament and Parliamentary Committees
Dear Students, Gk By Mr. Dj is presenting you a set of 10 MCQs based Parliament & Parliamentary Committees. When we solve the MCQs topic wise it help students in understanding the topic very deeply. So go through this quiz and evaluate yourself.
The functions of Parliament are not only varied in nature, but considerable in volume. The time at its disposal is limited. It cannot make very detailed scrutiny of all legislative and other matters that come up before it. A good deal of Parliamentary business is, therefore, transacted in the committees.
Both Houses of Parliament have a similar committee structure, with a few exceptions. Their appointment, terms of office, functions and procedure of conducting business are also more or less similar and are regulated as per rules made by the two Houses under Article 118(1) of the Constitution.
Broadly, Parliamentary Committees are of two kinds – Standing Committees and ad hoc Committees. The former are elected or appointed every year or periodically and their work goes on, more or less, on a continuous basis. The latter are appointed on an ad hoc basis as need arises and they cease to exist as soon as they complete the task assigned to them.
Standing Committees: Among the Standing Committees, the three Financial Committees – Committees on Estimates, Public Accounts and Public Undertakings – constitute a distinct group as they keep an unremitting vigil over Government expenditure and performance. While members of the Rajya Sabha are associated with Committees on Public Accounts and Public Undertakings, the members of the Committee on Estimates are drawn entirely from the Lok Sabha.
The Estimates Committee reports on ‘what economies, improvements in organisation, efficiency or administrative reform consistent with policy underlying the estimates’ may be effected. It also examines whether the money is well laid out within limits of the policy implied in the estimates and suggests the form in which estimates shall be presented to Parliament. The Public Accounts Committee scrutinises appropriation and finance accounts of Government and reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General. It ensures that public money is spent in accordance with Parliament’s decision and calls attention to cases of waste, extravagance, loss or nugatory expenditure. The Committee on Public Undertakings examines reports of the Comptroller and Auditor-General, if any. It also examines whether public undertakings are being run efficiently and managed in accordance with sound business principles and prudent commercial practices.
Besides these three Financial Committees, the Rules Committee of the Lok Sabha recommended setting-up of 17 Department Related Standing Committees (DRSCs). Accordingly, 17 Department Related Standing Committees were set up on 8 April 1993. In July 2004, rules were amended to provide for the constitution of seven more such committees, thus raising the number of DRSCs from 17 to 24. The functions of these Committees are:
- To consider the Demands for Grants of various Ministries/Departments of Government of India and make reports to the Houses;
- To examine such Bills as are referred to the Committee by the Chairman, Rajya Sabha or the Speaker, Lok Sabha, as the case may be, and make reports thereon;
- To consider Annual Reports of ministries/departments and make reports thereon; and
- To consider policy documents presented to the Houses, if referred to the Committee by the Chairman, Rajya Sabha or the Speaker, Lok Sabha, as the case may be, and make reports thereon.
GK Quiz on Parliament & Parliamentary Committees
1. Which of the following article of the Indian Constitution deals with the constitution of the Parliament of India?
A. Article 73
B. Article 78
C. Article 79
D. Article 72
2. Which of the following article deals with the composition of council of states ( Rajya sabha) and the manner of election of its members?
A. Article 82
B. Article 81
C. Article 90
D. Article 80
3. The representatives of the state in the Rajya sabha are elected by which one of the following?
A. Chief minister of the state
B. Elected members of the state legislative assembly
4. The number of representatives of the Rajya sabha from states and union territories are among which one of the following?
5. How many number of members are nominated by the President to the Rajya sabha?
6. Which among the following is not a standing committee?
A. Public accounts committee
B. Ethics committee
C. Railway convention committee
D. Business advisory committee
7. Consider the following statements. Which among them is/are NOT true?
I. Standing Committees are the permanent committees that are constituted on a regular basis
II. Ad hoc committees are temporary committees that are dissolved when the task is completed
III. Committee of Privileges is an ad-hoc committee
IV. Joint Committee on Fertilizer pricing is a standing committee
A. Only III and IV
B. Only I and II
C. Only I and III
D. Only II and IV
8. What among the following is NOT true about the Public Accounts Committee?
I. The committee was first set up in 1919
II. It’s main function is to audit the annual reports of Comptroller and Auditor General of India (CAG)
III. It consists of 15 Lok Sabha members and 7 Rajya Sabha members
IV. The term of the office of the Public Accounts Committee is one year
A. Only I
B. Only II
C. Only III
D. All are true
9. Which among the following is NOT true about the Estimates Committee?
I. The first Estimates Committee of the post-independence era was first set up in 1950
II. Estimates Committee has a right to question the policies approved by the Parliament
III. It consists of members that are both from Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha
IV. Chairman of the Estimates Committee is always from the Opposition party
A. Only IV
B. Only III
C. Only II and IV
D. Only II, III and IV
10. Consider the following statements about the Committee on Government Assurances. Which of the following is/are not true?
A. It was constituted in 1953
B. Its main function is to examine the assurances and undertakings given by the ministers on the floor of the House and report back on the status of these assurances and promises
C. For the Lok Sabha, it consists of 15 members
D. For the Rajya Sabha, it consists of 10 members