Indias Satellite: Important Key Facts and News Every Indian Must Know! We must know. India’s satellite list and key facts which is important

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Indias Satellites: Important Key Facts and News Every Indian Must Know!

We must be aware of all the Indian Satellites which were launched by ISRO till date. But we don’t know the facts and news behind these launches. So, we are providing some facts and news regarding ISRO and Indian satellites.

  • India’s Second Mission to moon “Chandrayaan-2” was launched on 22nd July 2019.
  • ISRO was formed by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai on 15th August 1969.
  • A.P.J. Abdul Kalam was the director of India’s first Indigenous Satellite Launch Vehicle (SLV-3).
  • The first Indian Satellite, Aryabhatta was named after an Indian astronomer and mathematician.
  • Prime Minister, Indira Gandhi named the first Indian Satellite as Aryabhatta.
  • ISRO’s Mars mission is the cheapest mission so far with just Rs. 450 Crores (Rs. 12/km).
  • ISRO’s mission to Mars was the only mission to reach the Mars in the first attempt.
  • ISRO has set a national record of launching a rocket carrying 20 satellites out of which 13 were from US.
  • ISRO is one of the six space agencies in the world with the capability to build and launch satellites from its own soil.

Also Read

List of Indian Satellites (1975-2022)

Launch yearSatelliteImportance
1975AryabhattaIndia’s first satellite.
1979Bhaskara Sega-IIndia’s first experimental remote sensing satellite carried TV and microwave cameras.
Rohini TechnologyPayloadThe First Indian launch vehicle Failed to achieve orbit.
1980Rohini RS-1India’s first indigenous satellite launch was used for measuring the in-flight performance of the second experimental launch of SLV-3.
1981Rohini RS-D1Launched by the first developmental launch of SLV-3, used for conducting remote sensing technology studies using a sensor payload.
AppleFirst experimental communication satellite.
Bhaskara-IISecond experimental remote sensing satellite.
1982INSAT-1AFirst operational multipurpose communication and meteorology satellite.
1983Rohini RS-D2Identical to RS-D1.
INSAT-1BIdentical to INSAT-1A.
1987SROSS-1It carried a payload for launch vehicle performance monitoring and for gamma-ray astronomy. Failed to achieve orbit.
1988IRS-1AIndia’s first operational remote sensing satellite.
SROSS-2Carried remote sensing payload of the German space agency and gamma-ray astronomy payload.
1990INSAT-1DIdentical to INSAT-1A.
1991IRS-1BImproved version of IRS-1A.
1992INSAT-2DTLaunched as Arabsat 1C.
SROSS-CIt carried gamma-ray astronomy and aeronomy payload.
INSAT-2AThe first satellite in the second-generation Indian-built INSAT-2 series.
1993INSAT-2BThe second satellite in the INSAT-2 series.
IRS-1EEarth observation satellite. Failed to achieve orbit.
1994SROSS-C2Identical to SROSS-C.
IRS-P2Launched by the second developmental flight of PSLV.
1995INSAT-2CIt has capabilities such as mobile satellite service, business communication and television outreach beyond Indian boundaries.
IRS-1CLaunched from Baikonur Cosmodrome.
1996IRS-P3It carried a remote sensing payload and an X-ray astronomy payload.
1997INSAT-2DSame as INSAT-2C.
IRS-1DSame as IRS-1C.
1999INSAT-2EMultipurpose communication and meteorological satellite.
OceanSat-1It carried an OCM and MSMR.
2000INSAT-3BMultipurpose communication satellite.
2001GSAT-1Experimental satellite for the first developmental flight of GSLV-D1. Failed to complete its mission.
TESIt is considered a prototype for future Indian spy satellites.
2002INSAT-3CAugmented the INSAT capacity for communication and broadcasting
Kalpana-1First meteorological satellite built by ISRO.
2003INSAT-3AMultipurpose communication satellite, similar to INSAT-2E and Kalpana-1.
GSAT-2Experimental satellite for the second developmental test flight of GSLV.
INSAT-3ECommunication satellite to augment the existing INSAT System.
ResourceSat-1Intended to supplement and replace IRS-1C and IRS-1D.
2004GSAT-3India’s first exclusive educational satellite.
2005CartoSat-1Earth observation satellite.
HamSatMicro-satellite built in collaboration with Indian and Dutch researchers.
INSAT-4AAdvanced satellite for direct-to-home television broadcasting services.
2006INSAT-4CGeosynchronous communications satellite. Failed to achieve orbit.
2007CartoSat-2Advanced remote sensing satellite
SRE-1An experimental satellite that was launched as a co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2.
INSAT-4BIdentical to INSAT-4A.
INSAT-4CRIdentical to INSAT-4C.
2008CartoSat-2AIdentical to CARTOSAT-2.
IMS-1Low-cost microsatellite imaging mission. Launched as co-passenger with CARTOSAT-2A.
Chandrayaan-1India’s first unmanned lunar probe.
2009RISAT-2Radar imaging satellite. Launched as a co-passenger with ANUSAT.
AnuSat-1Research micro-satellite. It has since been retired.
OceanSat-2Continues mission of OceanSat-1.
2010GSAT-4Communications satellite with technology demonstrator features. Failed to achieve orbit.
CartoSat-2BIdentical to CartoSat-2A.
StudSatIndia’s first pico-satellite (weighing less than 1 kg).
GSAT-5PC-band communication satellite. Failed to achieve the mission.
2011ResourceSat-2Identical to ResourceSat-1.
YouthSatIndo-Russian stellar and atmospheric mini-satellite.
GSAT-8 or INSAT-4GCommunications Satellite
GSAT-12Augmented the capacity of the INSAT system for various communication services.
Megha-TropiquesJointly developed by ISRO and the French CNES.
JugnuNano-satellite developed by IIT Kanpur.
SRMSatNano-satellite developed by SRM Institute of Science and Technology.
2012RISAT-1India’s first indigenous all-weather Radar Imaging Satellite.
GSAT-10India’s advanced communication satellite.
2013SARALJoint Indo-French satellite mission for oceanographic studies.
IRNSS-1AThe first of seven satellites in the IRNSS navigational system.
INSAT-3DIt is a meteorological Satellite with advanced weather monitoring payloads.
GSAT-7It is the advanced multi-band communication satellite dedicated to military use.
Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM) or Mangalyaan-1India’s first Mars orbiter.
2014GSAT-14Intended to replace GSAT-3, and to augment the in-orbit capacity of Extended C and Ku-band transponders.
IRNSS-1BIt is the second of seven satellites in the IRNSS system.
IRNSS-1CIt is the third satellite in the IRNSS.
GSAT-16It has the highest number of transponders in a single satellite at that time (48 transponders).
2015IRNSS-1DIt is the fourth satellite in the IRNSS.
GSAT-6Communication satellite that marks the success of indigenously developed upper stage cryogenic engine.
AstrosatIndia’s first dedicated multi-wavelength space observatory.
GSAT-15Communications satellite.
2016IRNSS-1EIt is the fifth satellite in the IRNSS.
IRNSS-1FIt is the sixth satellite in the IRNSS.
IRNSS-1GIt is the seventh satellite in the IRNSS.
Cartosat-2CIdentical to CARTOSAT-2,2A and 2B.
SathyabamaSatA micro-satellite designed and built by Sathyabama University, Chennai.
Swayam-1A 1-U pico-satellite designed and built by the students of College of Engineering, Pune.
INSAT-3DRAn advanced meteorological satellite
PrathamA mini-satellite built by students and researchers at IIT, Mumbai.
PISatA micro-satellite designed and built by the students of PES Institute of Technology, Bengaluru.
ScatSat-1Miniature satellite to provide weather forecasting, cyclone prediction, and tracking services to India.
GSAT-18The heaviest satellite owned by India at the time of its launch.
ResourceSat-2AIdentical to Resourcesat-1 and Resourcesat-2.
2017CartoSat-2DISRO holds the world record for launching the highest number of satellites by a single launch vehicle.
INS-1AOne of 2 nano-satellites designed and manufactured by ISRO, as part of the constellation of 104 satellites launched in a single go.
INS-1BOne of 2 nano-satellites designed and manufactured by ISRO, as part of the constellation of 104 satellites launched in a single go.
South Asia SatelliteIt is offered by India as a diplomatic initiative to its neighbouring countries (SAARC region) for communication, remote sensing, resource mapping and disaster management applications.
GSAT-19It is the heaviest rocket (and the heaviest satellite) to be launched by ISRO from Indian soil.
NIUSatIt is built by the students of Noorul Islam University, Kanyakumari.
CartoSat-2E 7th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
GSAT-17India’s 18th communication (and to date, its heaviest) satellite
IRNSS-1HFirst satellite to be co-designed and built-in collaboration with private sector assistance. Failed to achieve orbit.
2018CartoSat-2F6th satellite in the Cartosat series to be built by ISRO.
MicroSat-TDIt is a technology demonstrator and the forerunner for future satellites in this series.
INS-1CThird satellite in the Indian Nanosatellite series. It will carry MMX-TD Payload from SAC.
GSAT-6AA high power S-band communication satellite. It will also provide a platform for developing technologies.
IRNSS-IIEighth satellite of IRNSS.
GSAT-29High-throughput Communication Satellite
HySISHyperspectral imaging services for agriculture, forestry, resource mapping, geographical assessment and military applications.
ExseedSat-1India’s first privately funded and built satellite.
GSAT-11Heaviest Indian spacecraft in orbit to date.
GSAT-7AServices for IAF and Indian Army.
2019Microsat-RSuspected to have been destroyed in the 2019 Indian anti-satellite missile test.
PS4 Stage attached with KalamSAT-V2Used PSLV’s 4th stage as an orbital platform.
GSAT-31Replacement of the ageing INSAT-4CR.
EMISATElectromagnetic intelligence to track any enemy radars for IAF.
PS4 Stage attached with ExseedSat-2, AMSAT, ARIS and AIS payloadsUtilization of the fourth stage directly as a satellite for experiments.
RISAT-2BSuccessor to old RISAT-2.
Orbiter of Chandrayaan-2India’s second lunar exploration mission.
Cartosat-3One of the optical satellites with the highest resolutions in the world.
RISAT-2BR1Improved resolution of 0.35 metres.
2020GSAT-30Replacement of INSAT-4A.
EOS-01Space-based synthetic aperture imaging radar.
CMS-01Extended C-band coverage for mainland India, Lakshadweep and Andaman & Nicobar Islands.
2021Sindhu NetraEarth observation satellite used by Indian Navy for surveillance over the Indian Ocean.
SDSatThis Nanosatellite was developed by Space Kidz India to study radiations. It carried 25,000 names and a copy of Bhagavad Gita into space.
JITSatDeveloped by JIT as part of UNITYSat constellation.
GHRCESatDeveloped by GHRCE as part of UNITYSat constellation.
Sri Shakthi SatDeveloped by SIET as part of UNITYSat constellation.
EOS-03India’s first real-time Earth observation satellite and first satellite of the GISAT constellation.
Upcoming Satellites
2022RISAT-1ARadar imaging satellite to facilitate high-quality images and additional security to Indian borders.
OCEANSAT-3Earth observation satellite for oceanographic and atmospheric studies.
GSAT-20Communication satellite to add data transmission capacity required by Smart Cities Mission of India.
GISAT-2Multispectral and hyperspectral Earth-imaging satellite.
Aditya-L1Solar coronal observation spacecraft.
GSAT-32Communications satellite.
TDS-01A technology demonstrator for TWTA and atomic clock.
SPADEX x 2Demonstration of rendezvous space docking and berthing of spacecraft.
GSAT-7RMilitary communications satellite.
DRSS-1Communications satellite comprising two satellites in the initial stage– CMS-04 and IDRSS-2 in GEO.
X-ray Polarimeter SatelliteSpace observatory to study polarization of cosmic X-rays.
INSAT 3DSMilitary communications satellite.
2022-23GSAT-7CMilitary communications satellite.
AstroSat-2It is a space telescope and successor of AstroSat-1.
2023NISARA joint mission between ISRO and NASA is a dual-frequency synthetic aperture on an Earth observation satellite.
2024Lunar Polar Exploration MissionJoint lunar exploration mission between ISRO and JAXA.
2024-25Mangalyaan-2India’s second Mars exploration mission.
2025DISHATwin aeronomy satellite mission.
2024-26Shukrayaan-1Venus exploration satellite.

Important Facts

⚫️ Chandrayaan-1
🔸Launch date : 22 October 2008
🔸Rocket : PSLV-XL C11
🔸Launch site : Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre, Thiruvananthapuram
🔸Project Director : Dr M Annadurai
🔸Chandrayaan-1, India’s first moon mission

🔵 Chandrayaan-2
🔸Launch date : 22 July 2019
🔸Rocket : GSLV Mark III M1
🔸Mission Director : Ritu Karidhal
🔸Project Director : Muthayya Vanitha
🔸Lander name : Vikram
🔸Rover name : Praygan
🔸Launch site : Satish Dhawan Space Centre Andhra Pradesh
🔸Chandrayaan-2, India’s second moon mission
🔸Total weight of the Chandrayaan-2 is 3,850 kg
🔸Total cost of the mission : US$141 million ( Rs 978 crore)

🔴 Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM), also called Mangalyaan
🔸Launch date : 5 November 2013
🔸Rocket : PSLV-XL C25
🔸Launch site :
Satish Dhawan space centre Andhra Pradesh

🔷 Mangalyaan-2 : ISRO planned to launch this mission by 2025

🔷 Gaganyaan Mission : ISRO planned to be launched on GSLV Mk III in December 2021

💠 Aryabhata India’s first satellites Launched on 19 April 1975

💠 GSAT-1 India’s first commercial satellite

💠 SLV-3 was India’s first experimental satellite launch vehicle,

💠 Ariane Passenger PayLoad Experiment, (APPLE) first communication satellite in India Launched 19 June 1981

💠 Udupi Ramachandra Rao : satellite Man of India

💠 Rakesh Sharma : first Indian astronaut

💠 Kalpana Chawla : first woman astronaut of India

💠 Rohini is a series of satellites launched by the ISRO on 1980

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