Important Ports in India And World

Important Ports in India And World

Important Ports in India

India has a coastline of around 7516.6 kilometres, having a total of 200 important and non-major ports, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world. As per data revealed by the Ministry of Shipping, around 95% of India’s trading by volume and 70% by value is done through maritime transport. Government of India has planned to modernise these ports through a project called Sagarmala. 

  • Abu Dhabi Ports to link with India’s digital freight portal.
  • India has formally taken over operations at Iran’s strategic Chabahar Port, a move that could have significant geopolitical ramifications in the region.
    The port on the Indian Ocean, inaugurated last year, is being built largely India and is expected to provide a key supply route for Afghanistan while allowing India to pass rival Pakistan to trade with Central Asia.
  • India has a coastline spanning 7516.6 kilometres, forming one of the biggest peninsulas in the world.
  • According to the Ministry of Shipping, around 95 per cent of India’s trading volume and 70 per cent value is done through maritime transport.
  • It is serviced 13 major ports (12 Government-owned and one private) and 187 notified minor and intermediate ports.
  • The total 200 major and non-major ports are present in the following States:- Maharashtra (53); Gujarat (40); Tamil Nadu (15); Karnataka (10) and others (82).
  • Government of India plans to modernise these ports and has approved a project called Sagarmala.
  • The ports and shipping industry in India play a vital role in sustaining growth in the country’s trade and commerce.
  • The Indian Government has allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of up to 100 per cent under the automatic route for port and harbour construction and maintenance projects.
  • The Indian Government has allowed Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) of up to 100 per cent under the automatic route for port and harbour construction and maintenance projects.
  • Important Ports in India And World

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Important Ports

  • All major ports, except one Kamarajar Port Limited (Ennore Port) are government administered.
  • Mundra Port was ranked first in terms of total cargo handled across all Non-Major Ports and Major Ports in India for FY19
  • Madras Port is the one of the oldest port of India and the second largest port in the country.
  • Jawaharlal Nehru Port is the largest container port in India.
  • Adani Ports and Special Economic Zone Limited (APSEZ) is part of the Adani Group, one of the largest conglomerates in India. The company started its operations in 1998 and has become the largest private sector port developer and operator in India. It operates Gujarat’s Mundra Port, the largest commercial port in India and overall had more than 15 per cent share in India’s cargo in FY18.

Important Ports in India And World

Major Ports in India

NameState
Deendayal Port TrustGujarat
Paradip Port TrustOdisha
Jawaharlal Nehru Port TrustMaharashtra
Mumbai Port TrustMaharashtra
Visakhapatnam Port TrustAndhra Pradesh
Chennai Port TrustTamil Nadu
Kolkata Port TrustWest Bengal
New Mangaluru Port TrustKarnataka
V. O. Chidambaranar Port TrustTamil Nadu
Kamarajar Port LimitedTamil Nadu
Kochi Port TrustKerala
Mormugao Port TrustGoa

Also Read, Important Geographical facts About India And World

Some International Ports

  • Busan Port: South Korea
  • Jebel Ali port: Dubai, UAE
  • Jeddah Islamic Port: Saudi Arabia
  • Umm Qasr Port: Iraq
  • Ningbo, Qingdao, Qinhuangdao, Shenzhen: China
  • Yokohama Port: Japan
  • Khlong Toei Port: Thailand
  • Thilawa Port: Myanmar
  • Chittagong Port: Bangladesh
  • Chabahar Port: Iran
  • Hambanthota Harbour: Sri Lanka

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